Schiavona sword



Uses of the name


Schiavons made stock in Italy and particularly in north, Veneto, and gave their names to cities and villages like:

Schiavoï to 77 km of Venice.9

Schiavon to 87 km of Venice. Comune Schiavon provincia di Vicenza.

The people of Schiavon are named the Schiavonensi. Their Saint Patron is Saint Isodoro.

to 21 km of Vicenza. it counts 2237 inhabitants and its C.A.P. is 36060. Only one line of their history says to me that it exists since 1146 and that it had a castle. I would like to know some more. To which belonged this castle? Who was charming prince? a Schiavon? Why does it bear this name? I am asking you this question to you the schiavonensi, please come to dazzle us your knowledge.


imag_smj/documents/b_etendarsch.gif imag_smj/documents/storia-schiavon.jpg imag_smj/documents/d_armsch.gif



at 77 km fromVenise


at 66 km from Venise


at 714 km from Venise (au sud de Napoli)

Other names

In the province of Taranta, 18 of july, there is a festival for Mère Schiavonia

In Forli, city located at the south of Bologna and San Marino, is a monument: Rocca di Schiavonia, built at the 15th century .

"At the end of Corso Garibaldi rises the mighty Porta Schiavonia, the only gate to survive the urban restructuringprocess during the 19th century involving the demolition of the city walls and the old gates. Only a few traces of the over five thousand metre walls remain today: the old construction now comprises two fragments of the towers of the small fortress called Rocchetta di Schiavonia, wall rests in Piazzale Porta Schiavonia. " ref emilia-romana-Forli

Many places and mountains are named Schiavon.


The Schiavona sword

To the left is the Schiavona, and to the right is a Scottish sword.

Image and texts from this book:Armes blanches et défensives edited in 1973 about the SCHIAVONA sword ;

Schiavona Venetian sword of the first years of the XVIIe century (left) and Scottish sword of the XVIIIe century (on the right). Schiavone has a blade of 8o cm length, with double edge and rather broad; It carries seven times the mark (a crowned head) of Johannes Wundes, a German arms manufacturer of Solingen, which worked of the end of XVIe century at the beginning of the XVIIe century. Accompanying the marks and the signature also appears, engraved, the currency "Gloria Deo me fecit" (it made me for the glory of God). Schiavona holds its name of a militia mercenary, Esclavons, populates Serbo-croatian which lived Slavonia or Esclavonie. The sword of which they were useful started to be used starting from first half of XVIe century and provides a perfect example of the functional character which this kind of weapon offers: blade with double edge, broad and heavy, with a robust guard which wraps the hand completely; It was, for the effectiveness of the attack and the safety of that which held it, the best sword of cavalry than one ever knew. While preserving its enveloping form, the guard of the Schiavone sword varied in the interlacing of the branches and as from the XVIIe century, it was taken as model for the swords of cavalry in Great Britain and Germany, as the Scottish sword of the XVIIIe century shows it (on the right).
(Translation from French with an automatic translater)

About our name

Slaves or not slaves?

Some says that our name Schiavon come from sciavo in italian that means slave, and so that the schiavons were slaves. Is-it thrue?

Was the Schiavon name a surname or a designation given by the Venetians to the Schiavon people (the Schiavons versus the Germans)?

As told by René Teissier (cousin from Schiavon his mother) the name of Schiavon is due to their origine: The Eslavons (slaves), and this appellation have noting to do with slaves.

The history, and search of other historians corroborre this version, which says that Schiavoni of Italy were originating in Slovania (Dalmatia or Schiavonia), from where their apellation.

Here a quotation which describes the School of the Schiavoni, and which proves well that it is not an institution belonging to slaves.

Scuola di S. Giorgio degli Schiavoni

"The School took its name by the Dalmatian community which became a corporation in the 1451 with the patronage of saints George, Jerom and Tryphon; protagonists of the cycle of paintings maded by Vittore Carpaccio at the beginning of sixteenth century.
Even if it's not a "Grande" as the other Schools, "Scuola Grande degli Schiavoni" has a big importance in the Venetian history of art. It was officially opened in the 1451 and testified the presence of the Dalmatian (Schiavoni) community: Venice always trades with Dalmatia during its history, even more beginning from the fifteenth century when all the Dalmatia was annexed to Serenissima Republic. As a result of this annexion, all the people who came from Dalmatia felt the need to be represented by a symbol that testified both their history and culture: the School.
Following on was bought the old S.Caterina hospital and were used the first sums collected to restores the building: as a results was built the room at the groun floor destinated to the religious cerimonies while the room upstairs was used for meetings of the confraternity.
This School would probably be anonymous now if the Jerusalem patriarch had not gave the S.George's relic to the commander of Venetian fleet in the 1502. When the commander came to Venice decided to give the relic to the School dedicated to the Saint. At the same time, Carpaccio, was charged to realize some paintings dedicated to the saints Agostino, Matteo and Giorgio: masterpieces where Carpaccio reached the perfection of its art. Both this happenings gave to the building a great importance in Venice.
In the middle of sixteenth century the facade was transformed using marbles giving to it the actual aspect.
School was closed as the other by Napoleon and reopened later allowing the confraternity to be active till today.

See René's study